Institute:Office of National Coordinator (ONC) Workforce Training Curriculum
Component:Introduction to Health Care and Public Health in the U.S.
Unit:Evolution of and Trends in Health Care in the U.S.
Lecture:Quality Indicators and Comparative Effectiveness Research
Slide content:Methods To Promote Quality Quality Indicators Process measures Outcome measures Role of electronic health record in improving quality Data collection Data analysis Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycle Organizational standards 8
Slide notes:In order to demonstrate that quality has improved, we need to define a set of measurements, or quality indicators, that quantify results. Quality indicators may describe processes for example, percent of patients prescribed aspirin at hospital discharge after myocardial infarction--or outcomes, for example, in-hospital mortality rate for patients admitted for myocardial infarction . The electronic health record is important in improving quality, not just acting as a vehicle for data collection, but also providing the data required for analysis in a sophisticated fashion. Quality analysis is often conducted as a single or series of PDSA cycles. The PDSA stands for Plan, Do, Study, and Act, which are the elements of the quality improvement process. Many organizations also specify standards, for example, an absolute reduction in the number of hospital acquired infections. 8