Institute: ONC | Component: 1 | Unit: 8 | Lecture: b | Slide: 9
Institute:Office of National Coordinator (ONC) Workforce Training Curriculum
Component:Introduction to Health Care and Public Health in the U.S.
Unit:Public Health - Part 2
Lecture:Bioterrorism, Agricultural Terrorism, Chemical Terrorism, Nuclear Terrorism
Slide content:CDC Bioterrorism Categories Category A: Highest Risk Category B: Next Highest Risk Category C: Emerging Pathogens Easily transmitted between people High death rates (mortality) Could cause public panic Require special public health preparedness response Moderately easy to spread Moderate illness rates, low death rates Response would require specific enhancements of existing laboratory capacity; enhanced monitoring systems Easily available and spread Potential for high illness (morbidity) and death (mortality) rates and major health effect Examples: Anthrax, Botulism, Pneumonic Plague, Smallpox, Tularemia, Ebola Examples: Ricin Toxin, Brucellosis, Q Fever, Typhus, food and waterborne pathogens Examples: Nipah Virus, Hantaviruses, Yellow Fever, Multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis Table 8.1. CDC Bioterrorism categories. Based on NIAID, 2016. 9
Slide notes:Bioterrorism agents are categorized by CDC according to their ease of transmission and severity. The highest risk is Category A these agents are easily transmitted and have high mortality. Examples include anthrax and botulism. Category B agents are the next highest risk they are moderately easy to spread and cause moderate illness rates. An example is ricin toxin. Category C agents are the third highest risk these emerging pathogens are easily available and have the potential for high illness rates. Examples include the Hantaviruses and multi-drug resistant Tuberculosis. 9