Institute:Office of National Coordinator (ONC) Workforce Training Curriculum
Component:Introduction to Health Care and Public Health in the U.S.
Unit:Public Health - Part 1
Lecture:History of Public Health in the U.S.
Slide content:History of Public Health in the U.S. The 1800s 1800: Smallpox vaccination introduced in the U.S. 1878: National Quarantine Act transferred quarantine functions from state to federal level 1891: Immigration legislation passed, assigning medical examination of immigrants to the Marine Hospital Service 7
Slide notes:The 19th century saw some landmark developments in U.S. public health. In 1800, the smallpox vaccination was introduced into the country. In the late 1800s, two acts were passed that brought an increasing level of federal activity into the arena of public health: The National Quarantine Act of 1878 started the transfer of quarantine functions from state to federal level, to the Marine Hospital Service. In 1891, immigration legislation was passed that assigned the medical examination of immigrants to the Marine Hospital Service. 7