Institute:Office of National Coordinator (ONC) Workforce Training Curriculum
Component:Introduction to Health Care and Public Health in the U.S.
Unit:Regulating Health Care
Lecture:Branches of Government and the Configuration of the U.S. Judicial System
Slide content:The Judicial System: Jurisdiction Federal courts Constitutionality of a federal law Disputes primarily involving federal law Disputes between citizens of different states State courts Often called courts of common pleas or county courts City or municipal courts 9
Slide notes:The word jurisdiction refers to whether a court has the authority to hear and decide cases. There are many complicated situations involving federal jurisdiction, but most of these cases do not involve ordinary people. The cases that are heard in federal court are those concerning federal treaties with foreign governments, disputes about a federal law, cases about the U.S. Constitution, and disputes between citizens of different states. If a dispute involves matters of state law, it is heard in the courts of that state. States have both trial and appellate courts. If a dispute arises solely out of questions of local law, it is heard in the court for that city. These courts are usually called municipal or city courts. Most local court systems do not have their own system of appeals, so appeals go into the state system. 9