Institute:Office of National Coordinator (ONC) Workforce Training Curriculum
Component:Introduction to Health Care and Public Health in the U.S.
Unit:Delivering Health Care - Part 1
Lecture:Structure and Function of Health Care Facilities and Hospital Units
Slide content:Hospital Setup: OR Surgery is done in the OR Sterile environment is required Surgical team includes a variety of health care workers Contains surgical instruments, monitoring equipment, emergency equipment Surgery centers Freestanding, not part of a hospital Perform operations on outpatient basis Subject to Joint Commission certification 15
Slide notes:The OR, of course, is where surgery takes place. The environment is kept sterile, or free of germs, to prevent infection in the patient. The surgical team generally includes one or more surgeons, various nurses with specialized roles, and an anesthesiologist, who makes sure the patient is safely unconscious. Surgical instruments vary, depending on the operation to be performed. Equipment is available to monitor the patients vital signs and to resuscitate the patient in case of emergency. Surgery is also performed at freestanding surgery centers, which are separate from hospitals. Operations are done on an outpatient basis, meaning that the patient goes home directly afterward. As mentioned earlier in this lecture, surgery centers are also subject to Joint Commission certification. 15