Institute:Office of National Coordinator (ONC) Workforce Training Curriculum
Component:Introduction to Health Care and Public Health in the U.S.
Unit:Delivering Health Care - Part 1
Lecture:Structure and Function of Health Care Facilities and Hospital Units
Slide content:Hospital Clinical Structure: Overview Structured according to type and level of care Similar inpatients wards Specialized areas Emergency department Operating room Intensive Care Units (ICU) Cardiac Care Unit (CCU) Care provided by physicians and nurses May have specializations Assisted by ancillary personnel 13
Slide notes:Hospitals are structured according to type and level of care. Areas of the hospital with similar inpatients are called wards, such as the maternity ward or the pediatric ward for children. An inpatient is simply a person who has been admitted to the hospital. Other specialized areas include the emergency department, or ED, the operating room, or, and the intensive care unit, or ICU. There are different types of ICUs for specific patients; for example, a CCU is a cardiac care unit. Health care is provided mainly by physicians and nurses. Physicians may specialize in various types of medicine. All departments are assisted by ancillary personnel, who perform specific technical tasks. 13