Institute:Office of National Coordinator (ONC) Workforce Training Curriculum
Component:Introduction to Health Care and Public Health in the U.S.
Unit:Introduction and History of Modern Health Care in the U.S.
Lecture:Core Values and Paradigm Shifts in U.S. Health Care
Slide content:Paradigm Shifts in Medicine: Individual to Team-Based Care - 1 Patient care was provided by an individual clinician Increasing complexity caused an evolution towards collaboration between clinicians Interdisciplinary team group of individuals with diverse training and backgrounds who work together as an identified unit or system (Drinka, 2000) Intensive care units, hospice care, primary care outpatient settings 8
Slide notes:The second paradigm shift in medicine that we will examine is the shift from individual care to team-based care. Historically, care for a patient was provided by an individual health care provider. With increasing complexity of health care and patients, there has been an evolution towards collaboration between health care providers to optimize patient care and solve complex bio-psycho-social problems. This had led to the formation of interdisciplinary teams. An interdisciplinary team may be defined as a group of individuals with diverse training and backgrounds who work together as an identified unit or system. Many such teams operate in the health care environment. For example, in intensive care units, in hospice care, and even in the outpatient setting, you will often see teams of physicians, social workers, care management specialists, and pharmacists working together in the care of the patients medical problems. 8